Troubleshooting Hard Disk Errors with CHKDSK
What does CHKDSK do?
The CHKDSK hard drive-scanning tool inspects, restores and repairs hard disk drive volumes and file systems, as well as physical errors on the drive. The CHKDSK scan creates a report about the condition of the computer system. CHKDSK works by scanning for corrupt sectors, cross-linked folders or files, directory errors or lost connections or clusters.
Regular CHKDSK Use
The CHKDSK hard disk tool gives users more control over the condition of their computer file system and performance. To keep your system in the best working order, you should run CHKDSK regularly. It is even more important to run the CHKDSK tool after system changes like program installation and de-installation, power failures or program crashes. You can run the tool as often as you like, preset it to run at boot up, schedule a regular scan time or run the tool manually.
You can choose the volumes, paths, files and sets of files to scan with CHKDSK, as well as select the specific report, repair and restore tools to use.
/f – fixes disk errors
/v – lists the name of every file as it is checked
/r – finds and attempts to recover readable data from bad sectors
/x – for use with NTFS systems only – forces disk to dismount
/i – for use with NTFS only – runs less rigorous scan, reducing time
/c – for use with NTFS only – skips some cycles, reducing time
Running CHKDSK in Windows XP
To run CHKDSK from the desktop in Windows XP, follow these instructions:
To run the CHKDSK tool from the XP command line first open a command prompt:
Running CHKDSK in Windows Vista
To run the CHKDSK tool from the desktop in Vista:
To launch the CHKDSK utility from the Vista command line.